Dr Ozlem Ulgen is Reader in International Law and Ethics at Birmingham City University, UK. She specialises in moral and legal philosophy, weapons law, international humanitarian law, and public international law. She has written on cosmopolitan ethics in warfare, Kantian ethics and human dignity in the age of artificial intelligence and robotics, and the law and ethics of autonomous weapons. She has a forthcoming publication with Routledge, “The Law and Ethics of Autonomous Weapons: A Cosmopolitan Perspective”. She is involved in drafting legal and ethical rules at the UN Group of Governmental Experts on Lethal Autonomous Weapons Systems. She is an expert in the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) P7000 and P7007 Working Groups for international standard-setting on autonomous and intelligent systems. She was involved in drafting IEEE’s “Ethically Aligned Design: A Vision for Prioritizing Human Well-being with Autonomous and Intelligent Systems”, released in March 2019. She is Chair of the Accountability Expert Focus Group for the new IEEE Ethics Certification Program for Autonomous and Intelligent Systems (ECPAIS).